Ali Soufan was born in Lebanon in 1971, but ended up living in the United States and became an American citizen. “Education’s the thing, don’t you know.” In 1995 he got a BA in Political Science from Mansfield University. Later on he got an MA in International Relations from Vanillanova. Then he went into the EffaBeeEye.
No chasing bank-robbers or goombas for him. The harps had those jobs sewn up. He spoke Arabic and the Bureau only had eight Arabic speakers, so he went into counter-terrorism. In 1999 he went to Jordan to liase with the Jordanian intelligence service, which had uncovered leads to what would be called the “Millennium bomb plot.” Here began another theme in his career. He found a box of files in the CIA station, allegedly ignored by the over-worked agents, containing maps of the targets. The CIA seemed more vexed than grateful. In 2000 he went to Yemen as part of the team investigating the bombing of the USS “Cole.” Here he made important discoveries. He went back to Yemen after 9/11 to pursue leads. Here he figured out that the CIA had held back information from the FBI that might have allowed him to connect the “Cole” attack with the 9/11 plot. The CIA seemed more vexed than grateful. Then he interrogated captured Al Qaeda terrorists. Subsequently, some of his subjects were transferred to CIA control and were subjected to enhanced interrogation techniques.
By 2005 Soufan had become fed-up or burned-out. He resigned from the Bureau to start a consultancy. In 2011 he published The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against al-Qaeda. Here he tracked the campaign against Al Qaeda from 9/11 to the killing of Osama bin Laden. Now Soufan has published Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of Bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State (2017). The American invasion of Iraq (2003) triggered a disaster. Partisan observer—Soufan included–put too much emphasis on the botched occupation. Iraq was a social IED waiting to be tripped. The invasion itself lit the fuse.
Even before OBL died, Al Qaeda had transformed into something else, something worse. It had become Zarqawi’s Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia. The remnants of that group fell back to Syria and became the Islamic State (ISIS). More importantly (unless you’re stuck inside the Caliphate), ISIS called for the “lone wolf” attacks that have wreaked havoc in Europe and the United States. Boko Haram (Nigeria), Al Shabab (Somalia), Jumatul Mujahedeen (Bangladesh), and Abu Sayaf (Philippines) all align themselves with the ideology of Al Qaeda. We live with the results.
 I conjecture that his parents fled the awful Lebanese civil war of 1975-1990. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanese_Civil_War So, that’s one anecdotal argument against President Trump’s “Muslim ban.” The recent suicide bombing in Manchester, England, offers an equally compelling anecdotal argument on the other side. So, we probably shouldn’t rely upon anecdotal evidence. “Well, d’uh,”–my sons.
 I think that’s from one volume of the trilogy U.S.A. by John Dos Passos, but I can’t find the exact reference.
 Mansfield is a former teachers college in the middle of nowhere in north-central Pennsylvania. He got his BA when he was 24, so he lost some time somewhere doing something.
 Before people start jumping all over the CIA, read the Report of the 9/11 Commission. Not just the executive summary, but the whole thing. Then look at the list of Commission members and run down their career tracks.
 Soufan subsequently made public comments on the results obtained by the different approaches. The CIA seemed more vexed than grateful.
 In Western culture, black flags usually denote pirates. Until the 18th Century, captured pirates rarely got a trial. You just hanged them at the yard-arm or threw them overboard if there were some sharks handy. This is a plea for cultural sensitivity on the part of radical Islamists. Falls under the heading of “enlightened self-interest.”
 At least he didn’t call it Al Qaeda: Covenant or Al Qaeda: Dead Men Tell No Tales.