By April 2019, the investigation into allegations of conspiracy between the Donald Trump campaign and the Russkies concluded with a sort-of “Scotch verdict.” Depending on your point of view of course. Soon, Attorney General William Barr ordered an investigation of the origins of the “Russia probe” that had been carried out by the FBI before and after Donald Trump was elected President. Barr wondered if the FBI might have “abused its power” in the investigation. The Inspector General of the Department of Justice already had launched an inquiry into the FISA warrants used to justify surveillance of Carter Page. However, the IG could compel testimony and secure documents only within the Department of Justice and the FBI. Barr’s new investigation, backed by a presidential order for all agencies and departments to co-operate and permitting Barr to declassify any documents that he thinks right, seemingly could touch on the State Department, the Defense Department, and the intelligence community. Barr had asked US Attorney John Durham to carry out that investigation.
In early October 2019, Barr and Durham went to Rome. The two wanted the cooperation of the Italian government in their investigation. Why Italy? It’s the operating base for Joseph Mifsud, a Maltese professor who is suspected of having ties to the Russian intelligence service. Mifsud had told Trump campaign aide George Papadopoulos that the Russians had “dirt” on Hillary Clinton. Later, Mifsud eluded the FBI and then disappeared. Where is he? Will he talk? Furthermore, in early July 2019, Christopher Steele met with an FBI agent stationed in Rome. They had known each other from having participated in investigations of Central Asian-Russian organized Crime. Steele shared his early concerns with the agent, who reported them to Victoria Nuland at the State Department. It might be useful to sort out the details not covered by the documents and e-mails.
In addition, the two hoped to get help from the governments of Britain and Australia.
They are interested in Australia because Papadopoulos told the Australian High Commissioner to Britain and his assistant, that he had learned that the Russian had “dirt” on Hillary Clinton during a meeting in May 2016. Durham may want to know exactly when the Australians communicated this knowledge to the Americans. Did they share the knowledge immediately, by mid-May, with the FBI or the CIA? Did they share it in mid-June after the Russian hack of the computer server of the Democratic National Committee and of Hillary Clinton’s secret server became public knowledge? Did they wait until mid-July, as the timeline of the FBI seems to suggest? If they waited, why did they wait? It was interesting news.
They may be interested in Britain because of the potential involvement of the British intelligence services, both MI-5 (domestic) and MI-6 (the foreign Secret Intelligence Service). Christopher Steele had been a senior member of MI-6. Now he runs a private “intelligence” organization out of London. Can that business thrive if the intelligence “community” doubts you? So, what—purely out of self-defense—did Steele tell the British s well as various Americans? Did British agencies share that information with their American “cousins”?
It is important here to not confuse William Barr with Rudolph Giuliani. Nor—so far–do the subject areas of their investigations overlap. Will Barr’s investigation survive?
 “Barr hunts for signs of a plot to undermine Trump,” The Week, 11 October 2019, p. 5.