David Belton went to Rwanda in 1994 as a reporter for the BBC. After the killings began, he and the other whites were evacuated by Western military forces. These Westerners left behind many Rwandans they had known, but carried with them terrible memories of things they had witnessed. Belton went back to making documentaries for the BBC. Rwanda stayed on his mind.
One of the stories from Rwanda which Belton heard concerned Father Vjekoslav “Vjeko” Ćurić (1957-1998). Ćurić had been born in the Artist Formerly Known as Yugoslavia. He became a Catholic priest and, in 1983, went to Rwanda as a missionary. He got posted to a small town in the provinces. Ćurić turned out to be a missionary priest out of some 1940s Hollywood movie: moral without being moralistic, and devoted to his flock and beloved by them. When the genocide began, he refused to be evacuated. He worked hard and courageously to help victims from among both Hutus and Tutsis. He survived the genocide, but someone shot him dead a few years later under murky circumstances.
David Wolstonecraft (1969- ) was born in Hawaii, but ended up living in Scotland at a young age. He went to Cambridge (where he got a BA in History, so there). He got a job writing for British television shows. Television is a small world. Belton and Wolstonecraft ran into each other. Together, they wrote the script for “Shooting Dogs,” inspired by what Belton had seen in Rwanda and centered on a version of the story of Father “Vjeko” Ćurić.
They pitched the story to BBC Films. Approaching the ten-year anniversary of the genocide, lots of people were thinking back to it and what it had meant. BBC Films agreed to produce it. They put Michael Caton-Jones (1957- ) in as director, hired some not-quite stars to act, and decided to film the movie in Kigali, Rwanda. So, lots of what you see in the movie is what Kigali actually looks like, and most of the extras are Rwandans.
None of the Rwanda movies does a good job of explaining the context. In brief compass, a recent insurgency by Tutsis against the Hutu government had resulted in a truce. The UN has sent in a bunch of Belgian soldiers to “monitor” the truce. Then the Hutus began to repent their moderation. Meanwhile, the US didn’t want to get involved in another Somalia. The French didn’t want the potentially pro-Anglophone Tutsis to defeat the actually Francophone Hutus. So, the two countries resisted calling what happened “genocide” or intervening to stop it.
The story centers on the “Ecole Technique Officielle” (The Official/Public Technical School), a sort of technical middle school. A priest, Father Christopher (played by John Hurt), runs the school. He is assisted by a young Englishman, Joe Connor (played by Hugh Dancey, who has come to Africa for a while to do some good in the world. The school also provides a base for a bunch of the Belgian soldiers. Then, there is Marie (played by Clare-Hope Ashitey), the Tutsi student who may have a crush on Joe. Around this human core of the story circle a BBC reporter and her cameraman, who symbolizes the media and what the world knows; a Belgian army officer, who symbolizes the ineffectiveness of the UN; and a bunch of killers with machetes and clubs. What are any of these people—or us–supposed to do?
 It could have been an armed robbery or it could have been some kind of retribution for his actions in 1994. Or it could have been something else entirely.
 Curiously, at the same time another Anglo-American team of writers was working on a different story about Rwanda. Keir Pearson and Terry George wrote the script for “Hotel Rwanda.” It came out the same year as “Shooting Dogs” and just buried it. Too bad: it isn’t a better movie, just a more up-beat one.
 That is, they are not there to “enforce” or even “keep” peace. They’re just watchers. Voyeurs really.
 See “Black Hawk Down” (dir. Ridley Scott, 2001).